In an argumentative essay, the introduction is very important. It gives the reader his / her first impression of an argumentative essay.
Start with a short background.
Example: Every pet owner knows that there are enormous responsibilities that go along with having a cat or dog. You must feed and exercise your pet, to keep it physically healthy; you must play with it, and keep it emotionally healthy too. You have to keep it safe from cars , people, or other animals, and you ought to protect other people, property, or pets from your own animal.
Introduce the debated question / issue.
Example: There's another responsibility that not all pet owners think about, however: spaying or neutering, or "fixing." What does "fixing" you pet mean ? Simply put, it means taking your pet to the vet for a quick, cheap surgery that will prevent your pet from ever becoming a mother or father.
Explain why it's important.
Example: This surgery solves problems that pet owners know about, and some that they might not have considered before.
State your position.
Example: In fact, I believe that all pet owners should be required to have their pets fixed.
2. Counterclaim refutation paragraph
Clearly state the point.
Example: Spaying surgery is expensive. Spaying surgery is risky.
Persuasively refute or rebut the point using evidence (logical explanation, facts, statistics, well-known authority opinions).
To refute the point is to prove it is incorrect:
Example: Almost all cities have a fund to help pay for the surgery. Just ask your vet or the local SPCA (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals). The cost can be as low as $ 10.
To rebut the point is to prove that it is irrelevant or not powerful enough.
Example: Spaying or neutering when your pet is young and healthy is almost 100% safe. On other hand, your animal is in much more danger if it is not fixed, for the urge to run away from home will put your pet in extremely dangerous situations.
Turn this point to the opposite point, thus supporting your thesis.
Example: Therefore, there is no way we can agree with this point. Spaying or neutering should be done as soon as you get your pet.
3. Claim supporting paragraph
Clearly state the point.
Example: Spaying is good for the health of your pet.
Provide supporting evidence (logical explanation, facts, statistics, well-known authority opinions).
Example: Animals who are not fixed can sometimes go crazy trying to find mates. They can injure themselves trying to escape from their homes, or they may fight with other animals when they have escaped. Of course, while running free, they are in danger from cars. And finally, for females who become mothers , we must remember that giving birth is not a safe process.
Restate the argument as a proved thesis
Example: For the ordinary pet owner, all these reasons should be strong enough to convince them to "fix" their dear pet.
The conclusion of an argumentative essay is just as important as the introduction. The conclusion seals the essay and tries to close the issue. Conclusion is the last part of the essay that your reader will experience.
Restate (do not repeat) your claim.
Example: No matter how you look at it, there's really no valid reason not to spay or neuter your pet.
Briefly recount the arguments.
Example: Whether you consider the potential suffering of unborn animals, the health and comfort of your own pet, or your own convenience as a pet owner, you must agree that the facts all show that spaying or neutering is the way to go.
Remember that you should not present any new arguments in your conclusion.
End by showing the importance of your conclusion.
Example: It's not only the convenient choice, but also the morally right choice, and one that all pet owners should make.
If you followed the above instructions, you now have an argumentative essay, on any topic, which is well written and has a good chance to get a high grade.