Human civilizations took more than 4500 years to develop contemporary plumbing system. Ancient communities such as Indus Valley civilization and Egyptians started working on the development of copper pipes 4000 years ago.
The concept of pipes played a key role in supplying drinking water and removing waste from a premise. Lack of drainage facilities was a major concern in the past as it spreads fatal diseases. Lack of proper drainage and clean water have taken millions of lives in the past. Even in the 21st Century, most of the population in developing countries do not have access to the basic toilet structure and safe drinking water.
In 1700 BC flush toilet was developed and elaborated by a group of plumbers for the first time. Following the introduction of flush toilets, first drinking water processing system was installed in Massachusetts. The Nineteenth Century witnessed rapid development in this realm. Many fixtures and techniques were introduced which helped shape plumbing a comprehensive and highly technical profession.
With the passage of time, simple pipes system, capable of supplying water and removing waste from a building, has become an inevitable need. As a result, a large plumbing manufacturing industry emerged and people started getting proper training to install sewerage systems for the larger portion of the population. Nowadays a qualified and experienced plumber is a basic need for people living across the world.
Scope and value of plumbing profession
Plumbing profession is on the rise. A continuous rise in the living standards requires more sophisticated bathrooms, fixtures, and water system. People who are studying to be plumbers have great future, especially in cold areas where the temperature drops drastically.
Basic structure of a commonly installed water and sewerage system
Small buildings use a simple concept of water inflow and outflow. The plumbing experts design the overall structure of pipe network, keeping in mind the future needs of a premise. They have to considerately analyze the installation of other systems such as power and gas supply.
An inexperienced plumber should not carry out the installation processes or any other technical activity. A faulty installation of a sewerage system can cause plenty of problems in long-term.
Contractors and builders should consider this fact in order to prevent inconvenience and bad reputation. Supply and drainage must be treated as two different systems so that overlapping can be avoided. The supply of cold and hot water are different in nature. Cold water coming straight from the main source can be used directly. On the other hand, hot water has to flow through the heating system. Every fixture better have a separate valve so that you do not have to stop the main supply line in case of emergency or repair.