As a homeschooling parent of a child with autism, I am often asked, "How do you do it?" It takes dedication, planning, and research, of course, but I find that it is not all that difficult when I remember why I do it.
There are 5 primary reasons why homeschooling is the best option for my child:
1. One-to-one instruction provides for optimal learning.
It is a generally-accepted educational principle that the lower the teacher-to-student ratio, the more effective the teaching can be. Most parents realize that the more students a teacher has, the less attention and direct instruction each student will receive from the teacher. One-to-one instruction is always preferred for private lessons or tutoring because the lessons can be customized to the student's ability in order to maximize their progress in the shortest amount of time.
Homeschooling or private tutoring offers a child with autism the opportunity to make the most of their learning potential. The child receives more direct instruction time, immediate feedback, and teaching that is tailored to their learning style and strengths. Due to the individualized instruction he or she receives, the child with autism is able to experience success on a daily basis which helps improve their self-esteem. Feelings of success are something that many children with autism do not experience in a typical school setting.
2. The environment can be adapted to the child's sensory needs.
In a home setting, it is much easier to control the learning environment. Unlike a classroom situation where other students can be a big distraction from learning, homeschooling parents can structure an environment that is best suited to their child's needs. Whether it is a quiet room, special lighting, background music, or breaks for sensory issues, the home can be an ideal educational setting.
3. Homeschooling offers flexible scheduling.
With fewer distractions and more direct instruction, home-schooled students require less of their time to be spent on schoolwork. There is no time wasted on the taking of attendance, class announcements, student reprimands, repetitive teaching on a subject the student has already mastered, etc.
The school day can also be planned around the child's best time for learning. Some children with autism are "night-owls" by nature and have a difficult time going to bed early and getting up early for school. We can adjust our hours of instruction to correspond with the times that the child is naturally most alert and able to focus. We can also schedule shorter learning sessions throughout the day with plenty of breaks as needed. Shorter sessions also promote greater intensity and concentration on academic tasks resulting in the child retaining more of the material being taught.
Most parents quickly realize that another benefit of homeschooling is the fact that you can plan field trips during the week when places are less crowded. This is a big advantage for children with autism who may not do well with large groups of people.
4. The child has a better opportunity for positive socialization.
All socialization is not beneficial for our children. In schools, you must take the bad with the good. In a home setting, parents have more say in determining when their children are ready for specific social situations. More on the For topic of schools and Socialization, see my following article Entitled, " Password Social Skills and Autism – the Where's the Best Place for Socialization?"
5. The child's interests can be incorporated into their schoolwork.
Anything that your child is interested in can form the basis for their studies. In homeschooling circles, this is referred to as unit studies. You take any topic of interest and design a complete educational program around that topic. This approach works well for reluctant learners who say that school is boring.
For my family, homeschooling is a great time-saver that allows us to focus our attention on constructive social opportunities, educational field trips, and practical daily living skills. We do not have to worry about which teacher our child is going to have every year nor do we have to spend most of the year trying to help the teacher "get to know" our child and their needs. We do not have to fight the school district for services or for the correct implementation of services that were promised. We do not have to waste our time going back and forth to school or to school-related meetings. Simply put, homeschooling offers my son with autism a method of instruction that works efficiently and effectively to enable him to achieve his highest potential.